The durian (/ˈdjʊəriən/) or /ˈdʊriən/ is the fruit of several tree species belonging to the genus Durio. There are 30 recognised Duriospecies, at least nine of which produce edible fruit, and over 300 named varieties in Thailand, 102 in Indonesia, and 100 in Malaysia. Curio zibethinus is the only species available in the international market: other species are sold in their local regions.
The name durian comes from the Malay word duri (thorn) together with the suffix -an (for building a noun in Malay). D. zibethinus is the only species commercially cultivated on a large scale and available outside of its native region. Since this species is open-pollinated, it shows considerable diversity in fruit colour and odour, size of flesh and seed, and tree phenology
The durian, a fruit with a spiky outer shell and a characteristic odour is a local tropical fruit that is notable because it provokes strong emotions either of loving it or hating it. It is also known as the “King of the Fruits”. Several species of durian exist throughout Malaysia – common cultivars come with pale cream or yellow coloured arils, whereas some varieties found in Borneo are naturally bright red, orange or even purple in colour.
Regarded by many people in Southeast Asia as the “king of fruits”, the durian is distinctive for its large size, strong odour, and formidable thorn-covered rind. The fruit can grow as large as 30 centimetres (12 in) long and 15 centimetres (6 in) in diameter, and it typically weighs one to three kilograms (2 to 7 lb). Its shape ranges from oblong to round, the colour of its husk green to brown, and its flesh pale yellow to red, depending on the species.
Some people regard the durian as having a pleasantly sweet fragrance, whereas others find the aroma overpowering with an unpleasant odour. The smell evokes reactions from deep appreciation to intense disgust, and has been described variously as rotten onions, turpentine, and raw sewage. The persistence of its odour, which may linger for several days, has led to the fruit’s banishment from certain hotels and public transportation in southeast Asia.
*10 fascinating facts about the white cane*
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1 Blind 1 White Cane campaign
1 Blind 1 White Cane is an initiative of Malaysian Foundation for the Blind(MFB) to raise fund to acquire 2000 pieces of white canes or walking sticks to be distributed to 2000 poor blind and visually impaired persons in Malaysia. White cane or walking stick is a basic tool for the blind and visually impaired persons to move around independently with full dignity as well as to enhance their potentials to the best of their abilities
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The gamelan or Malay gamelan which exists today in Malaysia is basically from the courts of Riau-Lingga, Pahang and Terengganu. Although originated from the land of Java, Indonesia, the Malay gamelan has developed a distinct identity compared to the Javanese, Balinese and Sundanese gamelan from Indonesia.
Although the popularity of gamelan has declined since the introduction of pop music, gamelan is still commonly played on formal occasions and in many traditional Malaysian ceremonies, i.e Malay weddings, Royal functions, etc. For most Malaysian, gamelan is an integral part of Malaysian culture.
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The elephant clock was a medieval invention by al-Jazari (1136–1206), consisting of a weight powered water clock in the form of an Asian elephant., derived from earlier Indian clocks. The various elements of the clock are in the housing (howdah) on top of the elephant. They were designed to move and make a sound each half-hour.
A modern full-size working reproduction can be found as a centrepiece in the Ibn Battuta Mall, a shopping mall in Dubai, United Arab Emirates. Another working reproduction can be seen outside the Musée d’Horlogerie du Locle, Château des Monts, in Le Locle, Switzerland.
In addition to its mechanical innovations, the clock itself is seen as an early example of multiculturalism represented in technology. The elephant represents the Indian culture, and the turban represents Islamic culture.
A reproduction of the elephant clock in the Ibn Battuta Mall, Dubai, UAE: